In Lockwood Department of Work and Pensions, the EAT has endorsed the legitimacy of a voluntary redundancy scheme which provided enhanced benefits for older employees.
The claimant applied for redundancy at the age of 26, having worked at the DWP since she was 18: she was entitled to a redundancy payment under the Civil Service Compensation Scheme of nearly £11,000. However, if she had been over 35, she would have been entitled to over £17,000 more. She made a claim of direct age discrimination, but failed in the Employment Tribunal.
The EAT upheld the decision. There were material differences between the two groups – older workers would find it more difficult to find new employment and would have heavier family financial commitments than younger workers. The EAT also agreed that the different payments were justified, in that the different levels of payment were a proportionate means of achieving the legitimate aim of providing workers with a financial cushion to tide them over until they find another job – which would be harder for older workers.